South Africa fast bowler Kagiso Rabada holds the record for the best bowling figures on ODI debut.

During South Africa’s tour of Bangladesh in 2015, Rabada made his debut in the first One-Day international (ODI) as he picked six wickets for just 16 runs in his eight overs that he bowled in that match.

After Bangladesh opted to bat, Rabada made an impressive start as he removed Tamim Iqbal (0), Litton Das (0), Mahmadullah (0) and Soumya Sarkar (27) in his very first spell in ODI cricket. Later, the right-arm pacer bagged the wickets of Bangladesh captain Mashrafe Mortaza (4) and Jubair Hussain (5) to bowl out the hosts for a below-par score of 160 in 36.3 overs.

South Africa rode on Faf du Plessis’ unbeaten 63 off 75 balls and Rilee Rossouw’s unbeaten 45 off 53 balls to chase down the target in 31.1 overs. The visitors won the match by eight wickets.

West Indies pacer Fidel Edwards features second on the list for the best bowling figures on ODI debut. The right-arm fast bowler claimed six wickets for 22 runs in his seven overs against Zimbabwe in Harare in 2003. 

During the fourth ODI of West Indies’ tour of Zimbabwe, opener Wavell Hinds smashed an unbeaten 127 to power the visitors to 256/3 in their allotted 50 overs.

Defending 257, Fidel Edwards terrorised the Zimbabwe batters as he took the wickets of Vusi Sibanda (7), Barney Rogers (0), Craig Wishart (0), Mark Vermeulen (6) and Stuart Matsikenyeri (6) in the first four overs of his ODI career. He later dismissed wicket-keeper batter Tatenda Taibu (66) to finish with six wickets on his ODI debut. West Indies won the match by 72 runs by D/L method.

Namibia all-rounder Jan Frylinck is third on the list as he scalped five wickets for 13 runs against Oman during an ICC World Cricket League 2 encounter at Windhoek in 2019.

After Namibia posted 226/7 in their 50 overs, left-arm pacer Jan Frylinck made a dream debut to help his side secure a massive 145-run victory.

Defending a total of 227, Frylinck scalped the wickets of Khawar Ali (3), Aqib Ilyas (13), captain Zeeshan Maqsood (12), Suraj Kumar (27) and Fayyaz Butt (1) to bundle out Oman for 81.

Australia’s Tony Dodemaide and Uvais Karnain of Sri Lanka complete the top five list of best bowling figures on ODI debut.

While right-arm pacer Dodemaide picked 5/21 against Sri Lanka in Perth in 1988, Karnain also took 5/26 against New Zealand in Moratuwa in 1984. 

Interestingly, Sri Lankan right-arm medium pacer Karnain was the first cricketer to take a five-wicket haul on ODI debut.

Since then, as many as 14 bowlers have picked five or more wickets on ODI debut so far.

Best bowling figures on ODI debut

Player Overs Runs Wickets Team Against Ground Year
Kagiso Rabada 8 16 6 South Africa Bangladesh Mirpur 2015
Fidel Edwards 7 22 6 West Indies Zimbabwe Harare 2003
Jan Frylinck 8 13 5 Namibia Oman Windhoek 2019
Tony Dodemaide 7.2 21 5 Australia Sri Lanka Perth 1988
Uvais Karnain 8 26 5 Sri Lanka New Zealand Moratuwa 1984
Austin Codrington 9 27 5 Canada Bangladesh Durban 2003
Taskin Ahmed 8 28 5 Bangladesh India Mirpur 2014
Allan Donald 8.4 29 5 South Africa India Kolkata 1991
Brian Vitori 10 30 5 Zimbabwe Bangladesh Harare 2011
Dasun Shanaka 9 43 5 Sri Lanka Ireland Dublin 2016

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Featured photo: ICC